Development of immortalized mouse aortic endothelial cell lines

Main Article Content

Chih-Wen Ni Sandeep Kumar Casey J Ankeny Hanjoong Jo

Abstract

Background

The understanding of endothelial cell biology has been facilitated by the availability of primary endothelial cell cultures from a variety of sites and species; however, the isolation and maintenance of primary mouse aortic endothelial cells (MAECs) remain a formidable challenge. Culturing MAECs is difficult as they are prone to phenotypic drift during culture. Therefore, there is a need to have a dependable in vitroculture system, wherein the primary endothelial cells retain their properties and phenotypes.

Methods

Here, we developed an effective method to prepare immortalized MAEC (iMAEC) lines. Primary MAECs, initially isolated from aortic explants, were immortalized using a retrovirus expressing polyoma middle T-antigen. Immortalized cells were then incubated with DiI-acetylated-low density lipoprotein and sorted via flow cytometry to isolate iMAECs.

Results

iMAECs expressed common markers of endothelial cells, including PECAM1, eNOS, VE-cadherin, and von Willebrand Factor. iMAECs aligned in the direction of imposed laminar shear and retained the ability to form tubes. Using this method, we have generated iMAEC lines from wild-type and various genetically modified mice such as p47 phox-/-, eNOS -/-, and caveolin-1 -/-.

Conclusion

In summary, generation of iMAEC lines from various genetically modified mouse lines provides an invaluable tool to study vascular biology and pathophysiology.

Article Details

How to Cite
NI, Chih-Wen et al. Development of immortalized mouse aortic endothelial cell lines. Vascular Cell, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 7, apr. 2014. ISSN 2045-824X. Available at: <https://vascularcell.com/index.php/vc/article/view/10.1186-2045-824X-6-7>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2019. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2045-824X-6-7.
Section
Methodology and Protocols