Previously differentiated medial vascular smooth muscle cells contribute to neointima formation following vascular injury

Main Article Content

Brian Paul Herring April M Hoggatt Christopher Burlak Stefan Offermanns

Abstract

Background

The origins of neointimal smooth muscle cells that arise following vascular injury remains controversial. Studies have suggested that these cells may arise from previously differentiated medial vascular smooth muscle cells, resident stem cells or blood born progenitors. In the current study we examined the contribution of the previously differentiated vascular smooth muscle cells to the neointima that forms following carotid artery ligation.

Methods

We utilized transgenic mice harboring a cre recombinase-dependent reporter gene (mTmG). These mice express membrane targeted tandem dimer Tomato (mTomato) prior to cre-mediated excision and membrane targeted EGFP (mEGFP) following excision. The mTmG mice were crossed with transgenic mice expressing either smooth muscle myosin heavy chain ( Myh11) or smooth muscle α-actin ( Acta2) driven tamoxifen regulated cre recombinase. Following treatment of adult mice with tamoxifen these mice express mEGFP exclusively in differentiated smooth muscle cells. Subsequently vascular injury was induced in the mice by carotid artery ligation and the contribution of mEGFP positive cells to the neointima determined.

Results

Analysis of the cellular composition of the neointima that forms following injury revealed that mEGFP positive cells derived from either Mhy11or Acta2 tagged medial vascular smooth muscle cells contribute to the majority of neointima formation (79 ± 17% and 81 ± 12%, respectively).

Conclusion

These data demonstrate that the majority of the neointima that forms following carotid ligation is derived from previously differentiated medial vascular smooth muscle cells.

Article Details

How to Cite
HERRING, Brian Paul et al. Previously differentiated medial vascular smooth muscle cells contribute to neointima formation following vascular injury. Vascular Cell, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 21, oct. 2014. ISSN 2045-824X. Available at: <https://vascularcell.com/index.php/vc/article/view/10.1186-2045-824X-6-21>. Date accessed: 20 jan. 2022. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2045-824X-6-21.
Section
Original Research