Tumor-derived VEGF modulates hematopoiesis

Main Article Content

Yuan Xue Fang Chen Danfang Zhang Sharon Lim Yihai Cao

Abstract

VEGF-induced angiogenesis significantly contributes to tumor growth, invasion and metastasis. However, little is known about its hematopoietic activity during malignant development and progression. Here we show that in a mouse tumor model, tumor-derived VEGF acts as an endocrine-like hormone to induce extramedullary hematopoiesis by targeting distal organs in the host. In tumor-bearing mice, circulating VEGF induced hepatomegaly and splenomegaly owing to vessel dilation, tortuosity and activation of hematopoiesis. Furthermore, VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 were primarily localized in blood vessels rather than hepatocytes or splenocytes, demonstrating that alteration of angiogenic profiles modulates hematopoiesis in these organs. Stimulation of extramedullary hematopoiesis sheds new light on complex biological functions of VEGF and significantly increases our understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying VEGF-induced tumor growth.

Article Details

How to Cite
XUE, Yuan et al. Tumor-derived VEGF modulates hematopoiesis. Vascular Cell, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 9, dec. 2009. ISSN 2045-824X. Available at: <https://vascularcell.com/index.php/vc/article/view/10.1186-2040-2384-1-9>. Date accessed: 25 feb. 2020. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2040-2384-1-9.
Section
Original Research