The angiogenic gene profile of circulating endothelial progenitor cells from ischemic stroke patients

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Míriam Navarro-Sobrino Mar Hernández-Guillamon Israel Fernandez-Cadenas Marc Ribó Ignacio A Romero Pierre-Olivier Couraud Babette Barbash Weksler Joan Montaner Anna Rosell



The identification of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) has introduced new possibilities for cell-based treatments for stroke. We tested the angiogenic gene expression of outgrowth endothelial cells (OECs), an EPC subtype capable to shape vessel structures.


OECs (at colony or mature stages) from ischemic stroke patients (n=8) were characterized using the RT 2Profiler TMhuman angiogenesis PCR Array, and human microvascular endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3) were used as an expression reference of endothelial cells.


Colony-OECs showed higher expression of CCL2, ID3, IGF-1, MMP9, TGFBR1, TNFAIP2, TNFand TGFB1. However, BAI-1, NRP2, THBS1, MMP2and VEGFCexpression was increased in mature-OECs (p<0.05). ID3 (p=0.008) and TGFBR1 (p=0.03) genes remained significantly overexpressed in colony-OECs compared to mature-OECs or hCMEC/D3. MMP9 levels were significantly increased in colony-OECs (p=0.025) compared to mature-OECs. Moreover, MMP-2, VEGF-C, THBS1 and NRP-2 gene expression was also significantly increased in mature-OECs compared to hCMEC/D3 (p<0.05). Some of these genes were positively validated by RT-PCR.


Our study shows that OECs from stroke patients present higher levels of pro-angiogenic factors at early stages, decreasing in mature OECs when they become more similar to mature microvascular endothelial cells.

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How to Cite
NAVARRO-SOBRINO, Míriam et al. The angiogenic gene profile of circulating endothelial progenitor cells from ischemic stroke patients. Vascular Cell, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 3, feb. 2013. ISSN 2045-824X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 11 aug. 2022. doi:
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